Contents

  • Overview
  • Configuring for LDAP During Setup
  • Getting Debug Messages
  • Setting a Custom Initial Context Factory
  • Setting Connection Pool Defaults
  • Example LDAP Filters
  • When you have your own LDAP or Active Directory repository, you can configure your community to integrate with it.

    Overview

    You can use LDAP (Lightweight Directory Access Protocol), including Active Directory, for authenticating users. A standard for user authentication and for storing user profile data, LDAP is a powerful tool for large organizations (or organizations integrating many applications) to simplify user account management.

    By default, the application doesn't use LDAP. Instead, it stores all user data in a database and performs authentication with that data. When you select LDAP instead as the authentication system, you're asking that the application authenticate against your LDAP server. During setup, you specify which users and groups from LDAP you want the application to use (although you needn't use groups defined in LDAP). Jive SBS will query your LDAP server to ensure that users and groups (if you want) are nominally represented in the application database (so that users can be associated with content), but will authenticate against your LDAP server.

    This topic will guide you through configuring the application to use your LDAP server for authentication. These instructions assume that you're a competent LDAP administrator and that you're familiar with the admin console. Any LDAP-compliant server should work, including Active Directory.

    Note: If you're using Active Directory, make sure it allows LDAP querying. You might also be interested in LDAP Querying Basics at the Microsoft web site, or LDAP Attributes at the Computer Performance web site.

    Configuring for LDAP During Setup

    The Jive SBS setup tool will guide you through configuring the application for use with LDAP. The setup tool is designed to prompt you for the minimum information the application needs to connect to your LDAP server and retrieve the needed information. At each step along the way, the setup tool will prompt you to test the information you enter before moving forward; this reduces the chances that you'll inadvertently complete the process with settings that won't work in everyday use.
    Note: If you need to update configuration for LDAP after using the setup tool, you can do so by changing values for LDAP-related system properties. In the admin console, you'll find these at System > Management > System Properties; scroll to locate the properties you want to change.

    Deciding How to Use Data from LDAP

    The default Jive SBS settings for LDAP will query for all users and groups available at the connection you specify; all of these users and groups will become application users and groups. If this isn't what you want, you can use an LDAP filter expression to limit the data retrieved from your server. You can also opt to use user data from your LDAP server, but not use its groups, instead defining groups using the application.
    Note: The application's use of LDAP user and group data is read-only; you can't make changes to LDAP data using the application.

    As you use the setup tool to configure the application to use LDAP, you can make specific settings to meet your needs. The tool's three-step wizard includes separate steps for specifying which users to include and specifying which groups (if any) to include.

    Here are a few common scenarios. You'll find more details below on how to get these results.

    • Add all users and groups available from the LDAP server. This is the typical result when you accept default values for LDAP.
    • Add only certain users, such as by limiting to those in a specific group or those who have a specific attribute. You do this in the setup tool by filtering users with a user filter LDAP expression.
    • Add only certain groups from the LDAP server. As with users, you can use an LDAP filter to retrieve particular group data from your LDAP server.
    • Don't add any group data from LDAP; instead, specify that you will define groups using the UI. The groups you define will be stored in the application database, not the LDAP server. You can do this in the setup tool by opting not to use LDAP groups, then defining groups using the admin console.

    Starting the Setup Tool

    If you've just installed, the setup tool will run the first time you access the application. If you've already completed the setup process and need to use the tool again to configure LDAP, do the following:

    1. Stop the jive-application service from the command prompt: /etc/init.d/jive-application stop
    2. Edit /usr/local/jive/applications/sbs/home/jive_startup.xml so that the <setup> element has the value "false" (meaning "setup has not been run").
    3. Start the jive-application service from the command prompt: /etc/init.d/jive-application start
    4. Point your browser at Jive SBS using the URL above and rerun the setup tool.

    Configuring the Application for LDAP

    Through three screens in the setup tool, you give information for connecting to the server, for querying for users, and how groups should be handled. At the outset, you choose a server type, such as Active Directory or OpenLDAP.

    1. In the setup tool, on the User Settings step, choose Directory Server (LDAP) as the authentication and user mode, then click Continue.
      Select LDAP
    2. On the Connection Settings page, enter the connection values required by your LDAP server. Your server type choice will determine the default values displayed later in the setup tool. In order to go to the next step, you need to set values for the Server Type, Host, Port, and Base DN, then click Test Settings and get a Success message. (Note that while the setup tool doesn't require or test them, your LDAP server might require an administrator DN and password; if so, be sure to enter them.)
    3. Click Advanced Settings to make other connection-related settings. Be sure to see Getting Debug Messages and Setting Connection Pool Defaults as you make choices about those settings.
    4. Click Test Settings to confirm the connection settings for host, port, and base DN.
      LDAP connection
    5. When you get a successful test, click Continue.
    6. On the User Mapping page, enter the names of fields your LDAP server uses for user data.
      LDAP users
      The setup tool provides default values based on the server type you chose in the Connection Settings step. In particular, you'll see the following defaults for Active Directory and OpenLDAP:
      Option Active Directory OpenLDAP
      Username Field sAMAccountName uid
      Name Field cn cn
      First Name Field givenName givenName
      Last Name Field sn sn
      Email Field mail mail
      User Filter (sAMAccountName={0}) (uid={0})

      The application will use these values to query your LDAP server to retrieve information about the people who will be using the application.

      Note: If you're upgrading the application from a version that supported only "Name Field," you can still switch the first-and-last configuration. After you upgrade, go to the admin console page at System > Management > System Properties. At the bottom of the page, add the following system properties:
      Property Value
      ldap.firstNameField givenName
      ldap.lastNameField sn
      jive.user.lastname.firstname.enabled true
      After you add the properties, navigate in the console to People > Settings > User Data Synchronization Settings. To pick up changes immediately, click Run Synchronization Task Now. If you already have synchronization enabled, you can also wait for its nightly run.

      The default values will include all users found with the connection settings you gave. You can limit this to only certain users by using an LDAP filter expression. For example, to retrieve only those users who work at the Portland office, you could enter something like the following in the User Filter box:

      (&(physicalDeliveryOfficeName=Portland))
    7. After you've entered the values you need, click Test Settings to confirm that the values you entered are valid for your LDAP server. If any of the fields were not represented in the test results, you'll see those fields highlighted in red. For those highlighted values that you know should be mapped anyway, click the LDAP Managed check box.
      LDAP users
    8. When you get a successful test, click Continue.
    9. On the Group Mapping page, choose whether to use groups defined in LDAP or to define your own groups using the application. Select Use LDAP to manage groups if you have groups in LDAP that you want Jive SBS to be aware of. With this option selected, the application will retrieve your LDAP server's group information just as it did for your LDAP users. Select Use Jive SBS to manage groups if you want the application to ignore groups you have defined in LDAP. This option is useful if you want to use the application to define groups that are used only by it. Your LDAP server won't be aware of groups you define in the application. You can use the admin console to define groups; in the admin console, go to People > Management. If you select Use LDAP to manage groups, the setup tool provides default values based on the server type you chose in the Connection Settings step. In particular, you'll see the following defaults for Active Directory and OpenLDAP:
      Option Active Directory OpenLDAP
      Group Field cn cn
      Member Field member member
      Description Field description description
      Member Field memberOf (Depends on installation.)
      Group Filter (objectClass=group)

      Use the Member Field option as a way to increase performance. When your LDAP installation provides a way to have user objects be aware of the groups each user is a member of, giving the user object's "member of" attribute provides a more efficient (and faster) way for the application to get the list of groups a user is in.

      Jive SBS will use these values to query your LDAP server to retrieve information about the groups to use. The default values will include all groups found with the connection settings you gave. You can limit this to only certain groups by using an LDAP filter expression.

    10. After you've entered the values you need:

      Click Test Settings if you're choosing to use LDAP groups; this will confirm that the values you entered are valid for your LDAP server. When you get a successful test, click Continue.

      Click Continue if you're choosing to define groups in the application.

    11. Complete the Other Settings page and click Continue.
    12. On the LDAP User Data Storage Mode page, enter the name of the user (retrieved from your LDAP server) who should be the system administrator.
    13. Click Continue to finish setting up.
    Note: In the Admin Account step of the setup tool, you'll be prompted to choose a location for the admin account: LDAP (using the administrator from the LDAP server you just set up) or the database (meaning an account in the application database). If you choose LDAP, be sure to enter in the Current Username box the account of a valid LDAP user. The name displayed there by default might not be an account you can actually use.

    Getting Debug Messages

    You can get LDAP-specific debug information by selecting Yes for Enable Debug in the setup tool's Step 3: Connection Settings page.

    Note: If you turn on LDAP debugging, connection pooling will not be enabled.

    You can also get broader debug information by turning on verbose debugging inside the application. Jive SBS provides a fair number of debug messages. To enable this, turn on the debug log via the Log Viewer in the admin console. (In the console, go to System > Management > Log Viewer, click Enabled, then click Update. You'll need to restart the application server for this to take effect.) Due to the large amount of debug information this can generate (and the performance impact that has), you should run this only while developing or testing.

    Once you've enabled debug messages, watch the jive.debug.log file. It should describe the steps it's going through to load users and authenticate them, as well as any errors it might run into. (You can view, download or email the debug log from within the admin console at the Log Viewer page described above.)

    Setting a Custom Initial Context Factory

    Some LDAP servers or application servers might require that a different LDAP initial context factory be used rather than the default (com.sun.jndi.ldap.LdapCtxFactory). You can set a custom initial context factory by adding the following to jive_startup.xml:

    <ldap> ... other ldap settings here <initialContextFactory>your.FactoryClassName</initialContextFactory> </ldap>

    Setting Connection Pool Defaults

    You might want to set Java system properties to change default pool settings. For more information, see the following pages:

    http://java.sun.com/products/jndi/tutorial/ldap/connect/pool.html

    http://java.sun.com/products/jndi/tutorial/ldap/connect/config.html

    Note: If you turn on LDAP debugging, connection pooling will not be enabled.

    Example LDAP Filters

    Selecting a Subset of LDAP Users

    If you know that only some of the users in your LDAP database should be known to the application, one way to get that subset is to create an LDAP group (such as "Jive SBS users"), then filter off that group attribute for users. Here's an example:

    (&(sAMAccountName={0})(memberOf=CN=applicationUsers,OU=ExampleGroups,DC=example,DC=com))

    This way you don't have to create any new OUs or move records around. You can simply modify group membership attributes on the user, something the LDAP administrator can do.